One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. : Present continuous: Past continuous Present Perfect I haven’t seen Mary. Direct and Indirect speech exercise present perfect continuous tense solved with answers Pdf. She said Moo was living there with them. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. Past Simple I bought a car. In this case, the verb that you are relating moves one step back into the past. It is also known as Present Perfect Progressive Tense. As can be seen in the examples above, the verbs in the present perfect, present continuous and present simple tenses in the original statements changed into their corresponding past equivalents (past perfect, past continuous and past simple) in indirect speech. Direct speech Indirect speech "What is your name?" Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. Example: Peter said, "Carol is a nice girl." Direct and Indirect Speech Examples. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. Reported speech (Indirect Speech) is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. When reporting speech the tense usually changes. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech.It is also called reported speech.Usually, it is used in spoken language.If the transmitted action is done in the past, the sentence becomes the past tense. Past Perfect I had taken Spanish lessons before. Peter said (that) Carol was a nice girl.. Don't change these verbs: might, could, would, should Example: He said, "I might arrive late." Keeping the present tense in reported speech can give the impression of immediacy, that it's being reported soon after the direct quote,such as: Direct speech: Bill said, "I can't come in today, because I'm sick." It isn't necessary to change the present tense into the past tense if the information in the direct speech is still true or a general statement. The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Indirect speech: Bill said (that) he can't come in today because he's sick. He said (that) he likes coffee. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. He said (that) he might arrive late.. If Direct is Simple Past→ In Indirect, it becomes Past PerfectExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I lived in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she had lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "lived" (Simple Past)In Indirect Speech, we use "had lived" (Past Perfect)Convert into Indirect SpeechSimran Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Direct & Indirect Speech, Tenses and Example Sentences Tense Direct Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Simple Past: Simple Present: Simple Past: Simple Past: Simple Past Present Perfect Past Perfect: Past Perfect: Simple Past: will: would: Reported speech 'to be' Simple Past: am/is/are: was/were: Simple Past: was/were have/has been had been: had been Task No. He says, “He played guitar.” He says that he played guitar: You say, “I shall go to Paris.” You say that you will go to Paris. He said (that) he liked coffee. Example: Jeremy: "I have always wanted a dog." Affirmatives. For example: Direct Speech: “I’m going to … Other Rules. Ann said that she wanted ice-cream. He said that he liked ice cream. If Direct Speech is Present Continuous−−>In indirect Form it becomes Past ContinuousExampleDirect SpeechSister said" I am going to market"Indirect SpeechSister said that she was going to marketNote:-In Direct Speech,we use "am going" (Present Continous)In Indirect Speech,we use "was going"(Past Cont e.g. Present perfect continuous tense expresses the action which is occurred in the past, and they proceed in the current situation or maybe in the future. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. 2331. = She said that she was tired. Reported speech – Simple Present – Sentences – Exercise. Learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt or thought in present perfect tense. 2. Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself.Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. This process is called tense backshift. Reported speech. Do you need help? We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits. Helen: "I speak English and Spanish." Abigail said (that) Answer: Abigail said (that) Isabella hated fish. She said, “I loved my sons more than all” She said that I loved my sons more ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Present Perfect Continuous Tense "How old is your mother? Task No. 2335. Anpassung von Orts- und Zeitangaben im Satz . present continuous* She said, "Moo is living here with us." This is because we are usually talking about something in the past. The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" This sentence could also have been written as “She said she loves to play football.”) The tense doesn’t have to be changed in this case of reported speech. For example: Direct speech: I love to play football. (Note 1 : Assume a gender if not mentioned already. If Direct is Simple Present→In Indirect, it becomes Simple Past.ExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I live in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "live"In Indirect Speech, we use "lived"QuestionsHe said "I like ice cream"-a-He said that he liked ice creamExp He asked me what my name was. He said, “I have worked very hard” He said that I have worked very hard. Do you need help? indirekte Rede; Simple Formen; Simple Present: Simple Past: Simple Past: Past Perfect: Present Perfect: Past Perfect: will: would: Progressive Formen; am/are/is: was/were: was/were: had been: has been: had been: 5. He said that he had worked very hard. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. It is a combination of two tenses, the present continuous and the present perfect tense.. Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Progressive Tense Change: As a rule, when we convey a message we go one tense back, but remember we have to use the same tense both in quoted and reported speech when we convey a message from past perfect progressive tense. Show example. The policeman asked the boy where he lived. Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. For example, the verbs "say" and "tell" are used to relate a conversation that you have had with someone. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. We are going to learn about reported speech (direct and indirect speech) of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. This is known as backshifting in reported speech, with the basic rule that a tense is shifted back to its past tense form.. Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech; present simple: I like ice cream : She said (that) she liked ice cream. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Reported speech tenses will change from that of the direct speech in most cases. As words itself describe that direct indirect speech are opposite to each other. Phrase in direct speech Equivalent in reported speech; Simple present: Simple past "I always drink coffee", she said: She said that she always drank coffee. She says, “I am sick.” She says that she is sick. Unlike direct speech, which occurs in the present tense, indirect speech usually occurs in the past tense. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Reported Speech Exercise 10. tenses and modals direct speech reported speech; present simple* He said, "I like coffee." He asked how old her mother was. Definition. Review reported statements here; Download this quiz in PDF here Jeremy said (that) Answer: Jeremy said (that) he had always wanted a dog. Tense, Direct and Reported Speech, English direct indirect speech and tense; Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. This reported speech exercise looks at statements using the present continuous. Using the Past Tense . she asked. Future Tense . past simple: I bought a car: She said (that) she had bought a car OR She said (that) she bought a car. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. Note 2: Using “that” is optional. Definition of Direct & Indirect Speech. Direct speech: Reported speech: Ann said: " I want ice-cream. " Wenn im Satz eine Zeitangabe steht, dann wird auch die, je nach Situation, geändert. a) Direct: He says/will say, “I am unwell.” b) Indirect: He says/will say he is unwell. She asked what time the train arrived. Reported speech: She said that she loves to play football. Rule 2 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech conversion – Present Tense Present Perfect Changes to Past Perfect. Will I’II see you later. 1. Past Simple I bought a car. We will learn in this lesson about how to solve such questions, we will see examples and solve an exercise for better understanding. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She says/will say, ‘I am going’ Indirect: She says/will say she is going. He said that he was living in Paris. If Direct is Simple Future→ In indirect Form, 'will' becomes 'would'ExampleDirect SpeechMy friend said "I will fail"Indirect SpeechMy friend said that I would failNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "will"In Indirect Speech, we use "would"Convert into Indirect SpeechThe boy said "I will come first"-a-The Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). Example: Abigail: "Isabella hates fish." Show example. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. Reported speech – Present Perfect – Sentences – Exercise. The general rule is that present tenses in direct speech change to past tenses in reported speech. In this case,Present Perfect Continuous of Direct Speech becomes Past Perfect Continuous of Indirect SpeechThe sportsman said "I have been training for 6 hours daily"-a-The sportsman said that I had been training for 6 hours daily-ea-The man said "I have been watching you"-a-The man said that I had "What time does the train arrive?" Tenses 1. He said he bought a car. tense usually has to go back one tense (present becomes past) – this is called backshift. Direct and indirect speech of present perfect tense along with structures and examples for affirmative, negative, … ", he asked. Let’s start Past Perfect Continuous Reported Speech Past perfect continuous tense shows that work had … present continuous: I am living in London: She said (that) she was living in London. Present Simple and Present Continuous. he asked me. past simple: John said, "We bought a house last week." Finish the sentences using Reported speech. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tenses of the Direct Speech do not change. She said Moo is living there with them. Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. Reported speech. 'S sick, we quote the statement, question or utterance living in London: She said that. 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